5 Views on Title IX
Title IX celebrates its 40th anniversary this Saturday, and we have been taking this opportunity to examine the lasting impact of this groundbreaking legislation. Since its passing in 1972, the number of women participating in college sports has increased from 2% to 43%. This statistic is just one indication of how times have changed, but women are feeling the effects of Title IX in many areas aside from sports. In fact, although we associate it with sports and sports funding, the amendment did not actually mention athletics.
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." (20 U.S.C. 1681-1688)
Our playlist this week expands on the far-reaching implications of Title IX:
1) Billie Jean King on Sports Scholarships for Girls
Champion tennis player, Billie Jean King, discusses the impact of Title IX on female athletes, and the double standards facing women with athletic ambitions.
2) France Córdova on Title IX in the Classroom
While Title IX was largely interpreted as helping the sports world become more diverse, France Córdova reviews its implications for making all disciplines more open to both genders.
3) Dr. Susan Love on Quotas in Medical School
Prior to 1972, many medical and law schools would only allow 15 women or less. Dr. Susan Love speaks about her experience with these quotas, and the atmosphere in schools before and after the change.
4) Vivian Stringer on Female Coaches
Before Title IX was adopted, women occupied most of the head coaching positions for women’s teams, because the positions were unpaid. Vivian Stringer explains how quickly this percentage dropped after the amendment. Once these positions became paid, men began applying for the jobs.
5) Linda Alvarado on Women in the Front Office
More women have been given opportunities due to Title IX, but there are still aspects of sports that have remained a man’s game. Linda Alvarado is one of the few female sports team owners.