Escape Into Space with These Vintage Photos

Hundreds of people have flown in space since the first trip in 1961, but only 40 women have made the journey. After two female Russian cosmonauts completed groundbreaking spaceflights, Sally Ride became America's first woman astronaut in 1983. In 1992, Mae Jemison was the first woman of color in space, serving as a co-investigator on a bone-cell research experiment. Three years later, Eileen Collins became the first woman to pilot an American space shuttle. In 1999, she would become the first woman commander of a U.S. shuttle mission as well.

Many of these stellar pioneers tell their stories of space travel in MAKERS: Women in Space, an episode in MAKERS' documentary series. Or, hear individual accounts of exploration from female astronauts like Eileen Collins, Mae Jemison, and Ellen Ochoa on