All the Highlights from the 2018 MAKERS Conference

All the Highlights from the 2018 MAKERS Conference

By Erika Lazarte

Feb 5, 2018

11:40AM Dyllan McGee, Founder and Executive Producer, MAKERS, gives Secretary Hillary Clinton a huge thank you with a standing ovation. "We love you!" she shouts.

"Love you Dyllan, love everybody! Thank you!"

Ending the conference, McGee brings out the MAKERS team and gets the crowd to say "What? Raise your voice!" together. And that closes the 2018 MAKERS Conference.

11:38AM Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton is live from New York! She starts out with big cheers from the audience (of course!) and saying that she wishes she could be here. "I'm cheering you on!"

She encourages everyone watching to continue the passion and momentum of the MAKERS conference after it's over, to create real, lasting change. She asks us all to "be brave enough to engage with people who disagree with us, to question and examine our own beliefs, and to acknowledge that even those of us who have spent much of our lives thinking about gender issues, and who have firsthand experiences of navigating a male-dominated industry, may not always get it right."

"Most of all, let's think beyond corporate boardrooms, beyond the corridors of companies and Congress, beyond our own lives, to lift up women of all incomes, ages, experiences, and backgrounds – immigrant women, LGBTQ women, women with disabilities, women of color who are too often marginalized. The work many of you are already doing is an important step in that direction, and so are the diverse voices represented at this conference. Now, let's keep going."

11:12AM Robbie Kaplan, Kaplan & Company, LLP, and Marissa Blair, Plaintiff, join Lydia Polgreen, Editor in Chief, HuffPost, take the stage to talk about Charlottesville and the First Amendment.

Blair explains that when she saw that the riots were happening in Charlottesville, she decided to go and spread the love and join her friends to show that everyone is equal. Her friend Heather was killed that day and her fiance was injured, he shattered his leg.

Kaplan talks about how she took on their case. She had just started a women-led law firm and was watching Trump's speech where he said that there were good people on both sides. Perhaps with a different administration maybe they would have had a different approach to this. The Department of Justice should be taking action on this.

One of their biggest hurdles has been trying to serve all of the men that they are trying to sue. Some of them are on the run and they've had a difficult time trying to find them.

"I hope people will start to have those uncomfortable conversations. If something's not right, then speak up about it. Heather was a white woman who spoke up for blacks, gays, anyone," says Blair.

10:55AM Kim Foxx, State's Attorney, Cook County, walks out on stage to a standing ovation.

"I ran for this office in a position that is mostly men." 80% of elected prosecutors are white men. Foxx has lived in poverty, been homeless and sexually assaulted. She explains that she felt she fit the position because she has more in common with the people in our criminal justice system than she does with the people who work for her. Her mother suffered from depression and smoked marijuana on a regular basis, to quiet the voices and the stress. "Everywhere I go, I tell my story."

She talks about how our systems should be run by people who are human. "I come to this work as a child who has experienced the system in all of its failures and all of its possibilities."

She works on issues like bail reform. We have people sitting in jail every day because they can't afford the bond, even if they aren't a threat to society. Mothers who are awaiting trial and unable to care for their children or their elderly parents. We must acknowledge the racial injustices in our criminal justice system.

10:33AM Marcia Clark, Attorney and Author, and Nancy Armstrong, Executive Producer, MAKERS, take the stage to talk about sexism in the courtroom.

Armstrong brings up the HBO series, The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story, and how it started showing the trial in a whole new light, shining a spotlight on the sexism during the trial. She asks if Clark thinks all the people in the courtroom making sexist remarks realized what they were doing. Clark says no, "don't give them that much credit." She doesn't think they realized they had a gender bias, they were just responding the way they always responded, the way they were raised to respond.

What was it like to walk into the courtroom every day, feeling so isolated? The sexism wasn't really on her mind, says Clark, since she was so used to it. She felt most upset knowing that the wrong rulings would happen every day, no matter how hard they worked.

Clark was the first woman in special trials unit in 1995. She was called shrill, a bitch, emotional. It was demeaning, minimizing and a way to shrink her. Armstrong points out that if similar sexism happened in a public trial at this time, there would be protests, so we've made some progress since then. Clark talks about how you can't be the perfect woman whether you stay home, or go to work, or have kids or don't have kids.

Clark explains that there is something women can do on a daily basis—tell people close to you when they are crossing the line. Your nephew, your husband, your cousin... "You can make a difference every single day." Women for too long have undermined other women. It's critical that we stand up for each other, otherwise, we won't move forward.

She has a new show on A&E, Marsha Clark Investigates, and she just sold a pilot based "a little" on her life.

9:43AM Lisa McCarthy, Founder and CEO, Fast Forward Group, starts out talking about how inspirational the MAKERS Conference has been.

She tells the audience how she was always known for being really busy. If anyone asked her how she was, she would always say she was busy. She walked a hundred miles an hour down the hallways at work and hardly had any time for anyone. Her turning point was when she had to write a eulogy as an exercise, and she decided to write about the woman she wanted to be. She shared it with her family and team at work. She knew it would require radical change. She practiced being the person she wrote about and now she's living that life, a future that she is committed to. Now, when people ask her how she is, she says, "I'm overly fulfilled."

McCarthy decided to quit her job and start a new company, so she and her friend Wendy Leshgold sat down and wrote their vision for the Fast Forward Group. They wrote down exactly what they imagined as the best place to work.

She asks the audience to fast forward to a year from now and write down the answer to: What is one important and unpredictable outcome you accomplished? She then asks everyone in the audience to share it with the person next to them.

You can try the exercise on her website, here.

"Make this your year! Be the change, make the difference, set an intention...and have this be your year."

9:38AM Funny clip about babies starring Nicole Richie and Julie Bowen. #morethanadiaper

Nicole Richie, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist, Actress, Kelly Sawyer Patricof and Norah Weinstein, Co-Presidents of the children's non-profit Baby2Baby, on the diaper crisis in our country.

Baby2Baby is a nonprofit that provides kids ages 0 to 12 with diapers, clothing, and all the basic necessities that children deserve. Over the past six years they have distributed 34 million items to children in need, including more than 20 million diapers.

"Can you believe that mothers are choosing between diapers and food? Diapers are literally causing a cycle of poverty," says Richie. Diapers should always be available to moms.

Huggies has donated 11.6 million diapers. If you work at a company that sells diapers, please consider donating to Baby2Baby. Follow them on social media at #morethanadiaper.

9:31AM Krawcheck announces MAKERS Money, a digital series by MAKERS that focuses on money and women. It starts Thursday at 3pm PT!

9:20AM Sallie Krawcheck, CEO & Co-Founder, Ellevest, takes the stage and starts off with, "Money is power..."

The number one thing that gives women confidence in reaching our goals is how much money we have saved. Women can lose two weeks a year worrying about money. Men have more money than women.

She talks about false stereotypes such as men being better investors, boys being better at math than girls, women being more risk-averse. These myths aren't true. The mistake women tend to make is that we don't invest enough. Women want to understand more about investing before we do. Once we understand, we don't take any less risk than men.

FInancial advisors are 86% male. The Wall Street symbol is an anatomically correct bull—it wasn't built for us. Women live longer than men and 80% of us die single. We retire with two thirds or less money than men do.

Krawcheck wants women to talk about money just as comfortably as they do about sex. How do we learn to invest or ask for raises if we aren't supposed to talk about money?

9:06AM Willow Bay, Dean of the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism and holder of the Walter H. Annenberg Chair in Communication, interviews Safiya Noble, Assistant Professor at USC, on old stereotypes in new media.

Bay shares the exciting news that MAKERS is going to offer one of their USC students a year fellowship at the MAKERS office!

Noble talks about how she spent her first career in marketing and advertising. As she was going back to graduate school, she was thinking about Google as an advertising platform. When she got to school she heard people referring to Google as an online library. She started thinking about Google as a source and she did a search for "black girls" and was stunned to find that almost all the content on the first page is pornography. You realize that those who can buy keywords have a lot of influence, and the porn industry has a lot of money, she explains. The algorithm has since changed, but we need to keep talking about search engines and their representation of women.

Noble shows a slide of an image search for "university professor" and the results are all men. She tells teachers to stop telling their students to Google everything. We can't assume that we'll find neutral information online. She feels sympathetic to tech companies trying to solve these problems, but people really rely on these companies in the tech sector and they have a responsibility to the public.

What would a public, non-corporate search engine look like?

For more nuanced information, don't use a search engine. We need to think about other arenas for knowledge. It's fundamental for democracy.

Check out Noble's book Algorithm of Oppression.

8:48AM Molly Wood, Host, Marketplace Tech, interviews Katrina Lake, Founder & CEO, Stitch Fix, on being a female founder and taking her company public.

Lake started the company in her late 20's and since then met her husband, had a child, and took a 16-week maternity leave. She has a workforce of over 5,000 employees and many of them are prioritizing their families, which is really important to her.

She advises that when you ask other companies for proposals, to "ask about gender and diversity metrics. I ask investment banks, 'can you share your gender diversity metrics?' People have to go and talk with their boss, get the data and explain the data. If nothing else, I created conversations at all of these places that maybe wouldn't have happened."

8:30AM Powerful, inspiring women leaders from an array of companies including Twitter, National Geographic Television, Oracle, PayPal, Bloomberg, Lululemon, Cognizant, and Getty Images stand up on stage and make pledges that forward the women's movement and gender equality. Check out all their pledges here!

5:45PM A preview of the movie Step plays and then The Lethal Ladies of Baltimore Leadership School for Young Women take the stage for a special performance. They get the audience on their feet chanting #RaiseYourVoice!

Dyllan McGee joins the ladies on stage and announces that MAKERS is sending the team to the nationals in Atlanta. The team jumps up and down cheering and a few tears of joy are shed. BUT, McGee says, the condition is that they have to get the audience stepping. So the coach leads everyone in the crowd and gets them all stepping and stomping.

5:35PM Zoe Novak plays the guitar and sings live. Dyllan McGee saw her on Instagram and said "that needs to be here. She's a girl with girl power!"

5:28PM Allie Kline comes onstage and announces that everyone will get a gift bag that includes a barbie in tech or STEM and asks everyone to give the doll to a girl that they love.

"We have exciting MAKERS news. We want to announce that this fall, in October, MAKERS is going to bring the MAKERS Grl Pwr Awards to the United States. We're going to celebrate girls like never before...We're going to show girls that they have more power than ever."

4:55PM Tim Armstrong, Chief Executive Officer, Oath, sits down with Amy McGrath, former U.S. Marine and congressional candidate in Kentucky, to ask her about her life in the military and women running for office. Armstrong tells the crowd how his wife put him in touch with McGrath, saying that she should be on the stage at the MAKERS Conference, and by the end of their first phone conversation he was in tears.

He asks McGrath what the attributes are of someone who has the skillset to be a pilot. "You have to multi-task," she answers. "You have to be able to think very, very quickly." All attributes that women have. You have to be aggressive and be okay with being aggressive.

What did athletics do for her that translated to the marines and combat and running for Congress? "For me, it was all about confidence. I was beating the boys at age 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 at pretty much everything, basketball, soccer, tennis, swimming, bring it on. I loved it and I got so much confidence from that. In the marine core, I was like, bring it on, I can do this."

Why did she become a marine? What does it mean to her? "Number one, it was the challenge of my life. For me, it was about the ethos, the family, the idea that you are serving your country and standing for something greater than yourself."

When she was a young officer, she didn't feel like she had the ability to stand up. The two things that change that are leadership, leaders that set the tone for their units or companies, that matters and more women in positions of power. "The culture doesn't change until women rise in the ranks, whether it's in the military or in a company, into positions where they are respected peers or positions of power."

A clip plays about Pat Shroeder, former US Congresswoman. She served 24 years in Congress. Armstrong makes a surprise announcement that Pat Shroeder is with us! She appears on stage to a standing ovation and hugs McGrath.

Shroeder talks about how it felt like everything was loaded against women when she first was in Congress. There was so much animosity from men. So many men got so angry about her being in a position of power.

Armstrong asks what Shroeder would tell McGrath to focus in on if she won. She answers that "some of the old boys in Washington are afraid. They don't mind having 10% women but they don't want any more. They are going to spend a ton of money in the primary. We have to support her and get her elected."

McGrath wants to get the money out of politics. "You can literally buy elections. It is really sad. We have to have leaders that believe this is a public service and campaign on the backs of actual people."

To donate to McGrath's campaign go to Most of her donors are small-dollar donors.

Armstrong closes by saying thank you to both of them for what they have done for our country and for joining us at MAKERS!

4:40PM Blake Irving, Board Director and Retired CEO, GoDaddy, arrives to give an inspirational talk on how beliefs can make or break your company.

He tells the audience that the terrible thing about the sexist commercials GoDaddy used to use was that they worked. He wasn't at the company when those ads were created. When he joined, he wanted to transform the culture of the company, so that employees weren't embarrassed to say where they worked.

It all starts with a vision hypothesis. He started recruiting people based on his vision and he got a lot of positive feedback on it. The vision hypothesis that the company ended up with was "Radically shifting the global economy toward life fulfilling independent ventures."

Irving started assailing the cultural norms of the company. People didn't feel like it was their company and he wanted them to feel like that. He brought the company to a place where it honors what the employees honor.

He recommends building belief in advocates who will help champion your cause. Three years ago they published what they were paying women and men and made it public. They started a new practice that every employee would be reviewed for promotion. Women's promotions went up 30%. Guys promotions didn't go down.

50% of GoDaddy's new hires, engineers, are women. "You can do it. It's not that hard."

4:25PM Sheryl Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer, Facebook, and Laphonza Butler, President, SEIU Local 2015, are interviewed by David Smith, Author, Athena Rising: How and Why Men Should Mentor Women.

There's been a backlash to the #MeToo movement and many men are saying they are afraid to talk with women in the office because of it. This needs to change because it is so critical for men to mentor women.

Smith opens talking about how excited he is to be here and how the one skillset that he and his coauthor found to be most effective during mentorship was listening. "In the spirit of practicing what we preach and walking the talk here, I'm gonna shut up and we're going to listen and learn..."

The #MeToo movement is so critical and we really need to make institutional change. Organizations of all sizes need policies. Victims need to know there will be no retaliation. And we need to end the culture of complicity, where people look away and it's not their problem.

Sandberg talks about a survey they launched that found that almost half of male managers are afraid to do basic activities in the workplace with women. We need mentorship. We need to end sexual harassment in the workplace. We're launching #MentorHer and calling on leaders to mentor women. We want access to be equal. Our survey shows that men are more hesitant to have dinner or travel with a female colleague. She talks about how important it is for women to have equal access to leaders in the workplace.

Butler wants to share a little about the people she works with. She wants the audience to know that 10,000 people a day turn 65 in the US. $14,000 is the average wage that caregivers earn in the state of California. All of these women go to work every day and 48 percent of them still qualify for public assistance. This is our time to do something about it.

Smith asks what resources are needed in the caregiving industry. Butler answers that these are women who have the job to love—to bathe, provide medication, dressing. They are in people's private homes and often find themselves in vulnerable positions. We need to start to formulate solutions. Policies are critical. We need to have the courage to stand with them and encourage them to raise their voices. Women are choosing today that they are not standing alone anymore.

If leadership says they want diversity, they need to show that they mean it. Data shows that more diverse teams outperform. Do the right thing, and the smart thing.

"My grandmother always told me 'when you know better, you do better,'" Butler advises men to listen to the data and to share that knowledge.

We need equal partnership at home too. 70% of mothers are working and are breadwinners for their families. Sandberg talks about how if a daughter sees her father doing his share around the house, by 14 that girl will have broader career ambitions than someone who doesn't see their father helping. If men see the benefits of equality they will know better and do better.

4:06PM Rachel Thomas, Co-Founder and President, Lean In, steps onto the stage to give an incredible presentation on the state of women in the workplace.

Thomas starts out by recognizing that men still run the world. A huge imbalance still exists. She reads a number of moving statistics showing the hardships that women face in our world and the lack of gender equality, some of which include:

Women hold 12-percent of board seats worldwide, in the US only 1 in 5 women, 1 in 30 women of color.

There's a gender imbalance across every major industry in the US.

Too many women and girls are living in poverty around the world. Women are concentrated in lower skilled and lower paid jobs. Women are paid 20-percent less than men.

Women have far too little control over our reproductive choices. 87 percent of counties in the US do not have an abortion clinic. maternal mortality is the leading cause of death to women of reproductive age.

60-percent of women in the US have been sexually assaulted. 120 million girls have experienced rape or forced sex acts. that is 10 percent of our girls.

In 2017 we had 3-5 million people marched for women's rights. #NeverthelessShePersisted became a mantra. The #FearlessGirl stood on Wall Street.We faced a lot but we stood together and we need to stay strong and keep moving forward in 2018.

3:37PM Bozoma Saint John, Chief Brand Officer, Uber, enters to talk about acceptance and healing.

She tells us that her story begins when she was about four. A year later her father was thrown into political detention in Ghana. Her mom escaped Ghana with her and her two younger sisters. Her father made a covenant with God while he was in prison, saying that if he got out alive, and was able to be back with his family, he would serve God for the rest of his life. "So I became a PK after my dad was released—a Preacher's Kid. PKs don't have the best reputation."

Later, when she got married and pregnant, she became ill and lost her daughter. She was really angry with God. She got pregnant again about 4 months later and had her daughter. She was still angry and battling depression. It wasn't until after being separated from my husband and we found out that he had terminal cancer. He died when their daughter was four years old. She saw his faith, how he wasn't angry.

When she held her husband's hand on his last days and laid her head on his chest, she made a covenant with God and said that she didn't want to be afraid or depressed. "I want to be happy. I want to live every day that I am here on the Earth as the most joyous, faithful person."

I'm looking at the world in a way that goes above and beyond what I have suffered. Healing is an active word. It's a constant, it's happening all the time. "We all have the ability to stand in faith, regardless of religion and know that our purpose here is greater."

She quotes one of her favorite psalms. "God is in the midst of her; she will not be moved. God helps her in the dawn."

"I could not be prouder to stand here in front of you today, regardless of the things that I have faced or what has happened to me. I don't know what is going to happen tomorrow, but I am not afraid, because I know God is in the midst of me and I will not be moved."

3:25PM Nadia Bolz-Weber, Pastor, House for All Sinners and Saints, joins us to talk about faith and feminism.

She starts off talking about all the women she's met at the conference. "These women are so cool, I'm like, should I do a career change? But then I remember that I have a master's of divinity and having a degree from a seminary is like having a degree from Hogwart's, basically."

"So much of religion and spirituality is about smoothing down our rough edges. But I feel like it's the jagged edges of humanity that connect us to each other."

"So many of us are tormented by the distance between our ideal self and our actual self. Our ideal income and our actual income. Our ideal weight and our actual weight."

She talks about repentance. Stopping that voice in our head that is questioning ourselves. The voice that makes us eat less or more, or work less or more. The accusing voice that we sometimes try to shut up with alcohol or carbs or shopping, but it doesn't always work.

"But here's the thing. No one has ever become the ideal version of themselves...I believe that the self that God has a relationship with, is your actual self. God (or Buddha or Beyonce, etc.) is not waiting for you to get better or become more."

3:15PM Nancy Lublin, Founder & CEO, Crisis Text Line, and Ann Miura-Ko, Co-Founding Partner, Floodgate, bring Gitanjali Rao back on stage and encourage her to ask for the funding she needs. She asks the crowd for $25,000 and one person in the crowd offers to cover it!

Lublin started Crisis Text LIne and has had 62 million messages since, largely about suicide and depression, a lot of anxiety, addiction, family issues.

They have learned a lot about moving people from hot moments to cool moments. One example is the word "overwhelmed." The counterweight to overwhelmed is "strong". They built an algorithm to put the most severe people first in line to talk with someone and get help. "This is using science and technology to save lives." Audience cheers.

She's starting a company called Loris that will train people in companies to have hard conversations, like how to ask for a raise. We aren't taught how to communicate.

Why Loris? "If you Google "Loris" it is the most adorable animal you will see and if it bites you it will fucking kill you."

2:44PM Lena Waithe, Writer, Producer, Actress, and Liz Plank, Executive Producer of Divided States of Women at Vox Media, talk about celebrating diverse women in Hollywood.

Liz asks Waithe how it feels and Waithe says that it feels normal, like her life and her steps have been ordered and she tries to be kind and a good collaborator. "Look at all the flaws that you see in the mirror and zoom into them."

The interesting part of a character is what they are ashamed of or bashful about and Waithe wants to go towards those things and embrace them. She does a lot of mentoring and tells her mentees to add the things that they are afraid of because that's what lingers in an exec's mind.

Plank says that Waithe is known for her incredible work ethic. Waithe responds that "you have to be obsessed" and that she relates a lot to athletes, in that she gets obsessed and is running a constant marathon to be phenomenal.

"Hollywood is a heightened version of society, so, the playing field is not leveled." If you look at the number of channels and how many shows are created by people of color, you'll see it's still a white man's world. There is a shift happening where people want entertainment to reflect the society they live in.

Plank asks if Waithe thinks Hollywood can change and she answers, "I think we can try. I think more people watch This is Us than the State of the Union speech. I don't think people realize how revolutionary it is to see a black man loving his daughter in an intimate quiet way, not unlike how a white father would love his daughter."

What does she think white men need to do to help? "Honestly? To get out of the way! The truth is, let us do our thing. I'm gonna make art, whether I have a platform or not."

2:21PM Jayaraman introduces Mónica Ramírez, Co-Founder and President, Alianza Nacional de Campesinas; Mily Treviño-Sauceda, Vice-President, Co-Founder of Alianza Nacional de Campesinas; and Jenna Watanabe, ROC United Board Member and Marketing Coordinator, Real Options for City Kids in San Francisco.

Watanabe talks about working in restaurants, making $2.13 an hour and relying on tips for an income. She tells a story about working in a fine dining restaurant and being hit on her butt by a customer and not knowing how to react and when she told her coworkers and boss they said that she should take it as a compliment.

Ramirez's family had a history of being migrant farm workers and her parents wanted her to know about the plights that migrant farm workers go through. 80 to 90% of farmworker women complain about sexual harassment. We know that this problem has long-lasting consequences. She talks about how Mily Treviño-Sauceda was her mentor and her inspiration to help farmworker women by creating a farmworkers association to address the issues that farmworker women face.

Treviño-Sauceda tells us how she came from a migrant worker family and all the difficulties they faced. It was a very hard life. When they arrived in California they learned about the United Farmworkers Union. She was picking lemons, which is hard work—moving around 90-pound sacks. She was sexually harassed many times. Being raised traditionally, her father questioned her when she first went to him about it, so she silenced herself.

You can find an app at with more information.

"Bringing visibility to this issue has opened doors to hope and trust," says Treviño-Sauceda. "The power of the collective has grown stronger as we work in solidarity to support each other. Let's work together. That's hope."

"Time is up for all of us and for our daughters as well."

Treviño-Sauceda closes the discussion by leading the audience in a unity clap, a synchronized clap that grows louder and softer. She yells "Can we do it?" and the crowd answers "Yes we can!"

2:00PM Lily Tomlin, Actress, takes the stage to a standing ovation. She explains that Jane Fonda couldn't be there because she has a terrible flu and she didn't even make it to work yesterday for Grace and Frankie. But she's happy they played the clip about Jane Fonda's experience making the movie Nine to Five.

I'm a blue collar kid from Detroit, where paycheck to paycheck means something. She talks about her first jobs as a cocktail waitress and doing laundry, as a Howard Johnson's "self-appointed" waitress of the week. The restaurant industry employs 13 million people. It's the single largest source of sexual harassment complaints to the EEOC. When your base pay is $2.13 per hour, you have to look to your tips for enough money to live on.

She and Fonda are working with ROC. They are working with restaurants to decrease the amount of sexual harassment happening.

Tomlin introduces Saru Jayaraman, Co-Founder and President of the ROC United and Director of the Food Labor Research Center at University of California, Berkeley. This industry is the largest and fastest growing and it is the worst when it comes to sexual harassment.

This is an issue about power. When a woman actually gets a wage from her boss, she doesn't have to rely on her customers for tips, which means she doesn't feel beholden to put up with their harassments.

Give these women a wage and a voice. Women from different sectors need to stand together.

12:12PM Gitanjali Rao, America's Top Young Scientist of 2017, walks out and dives right into the issue of unsafe water, the idea that so many of us count on the idea that we'll have safe water but that isn't always so, as we've seen by places like Flint, Michigan. She wanted to find a way to help people find out if there was lead in their water, so she created a device to test the water. She's partnering with Denver water to refine the process. She gives thanks and the crowd erupts in applause.

Smith talks with Rao about her science magnet school (Rao is currently in 7th grade! ). She asks what she's doing at school that helps inspire her. Rao says she has a lot of mentors who help her understand more about innovation and that girls have the capabilities to work in STEM. She says that she thinks that if everyone had a mentor it would be really helpful. She urges the audience to take a student as a mentee. "Together we can make a difference." Applause!

"The impact you can have on one person can be game-changing for their whole life," says Kloss.

12:00PM Karlie Kloss, Fashion Model and Entrepreneur walks out with Megan Smith, Chief Executive Officer, Shift7, to talk about girls and STEAM.

Smith tells Kloss that she wants to talk about everything she's been doing. Kloss talks about how there's infinite possibility when it comes to being creative with code. It has to start with access to learning the skills. That's how we make an impact on these future leaders. You just watched a clip we did to tell the stories of incredible women in so many different industries, who have technical skillsets but are doing really creative work.

They have summer camps to teach girls how to code. The kids are starting to come into the industry and mentoring others.

Kloss admits that she's a fashion model first and foremost but she considers herself a student of life. She was curious about coding and took a code class and was wowed by it. She's met so many brilliant engineers and there are so many women who are combining a technical skillset with creative problem-solving. She had an aha moment where she realized that she could have an impact on the young woman following her.

She wanted to create access to this learning and bring light to women who are the trailblazers, leading in their industries. Code with Klossy is a 2-week summer camp where they teach girls coding. They started with 21 girls and now they have 50 camps across the country and 1,000 girls who are going to teach.

11:40AM Fei-Fei Li, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University and Chief Scientist of AI/ML, Google Cloud, walks onto stage. She started a summer outreach program for young women to get involved with artificial intelligence. She was in a room of 9th grade girls who were eager to learn. As they finished a really long technical discussion, she described how what they have learned can help reduce infection that kills so many people in hospitals each year. She saw the girls' faces light up with passion and relief, that the technology took on a human form.

She will talk about the human side of artificial intelligence.

The internet gave researchers more data than ever before. It made her think about the constant visual stimulation that children experience while they grow up. She started a project to organize enough images to teach computer algorithms what everything in the world looked like.

By 2015, computers were recognizing objects better than humans in head to head contests. Today's AI is great at pattern matching, language translation, facial recognition. But there's so much more to human thought. Understanding satellite imagery to track poverty or using robots at deep points in the ocean where it's too dangerous for divers to go.

We have an obligation to build technology that benefits everyone not just the privileged few. Diversity is sorely lacking in the world of computing.

Fewer than 30% of Comp Sci majors are women and only 15% of them follow through into the field. So she co-founded an outreach program to inspire girls and underrepresented minority students. AI for All is working to bring the technology to a diverse group of students. We know AI is going to change the world.

"The real question is, who is going to change AI? I hope many of you in this audience will consider doing that yourself. We need you. Thank you."

11:20AM Kumail Nanjiani, Stand-Up Comedian, Actor, Writer, and Podcast Host, and Emily V. Gordon, Writer, Producer, and Podcast Host, talk to Lydia Polgreen, Editor in Chief, HuffPost, about diversity in Hollywood.

Polgreen opens by asking about how they started writing the film, The Big Sick.

About ten years ago the events of the movie happened and about five years ago they started talking about writing about it. They needed time to heal. "We cried over a lot of scenes."

Gordon was a therapist before being a writer and she feels that it really helped her to discover characters and figure out what they would do or say in a situation.

"Emily is really good at writing characters. She knows how not to portray them directly."

Nanjiani talks about learning to feel his feelings and trying to be aware of them. And how Emily helps him figure out his emotions and what's behind them and getting more in touch with them. He is more able to feel now.

Yesterday at the Oscar luncheon, people kept coming up to them and only congratulating Nanjiani and not Gordon.

"Working with Emily over the past few years, I've realized in a way that should have been obvious about how the voices of women are not considered on the same level. I saw it over and over and over. These weren't bad people—clearly they were sexist but not in really obvious ways. There's a lot of obvious sexism but then there's also insidious quiet sexism."

Polgreen mentions how she notices that female-centric shows are being canceled while more male-centric shows keep being picked up. Nanjani agrees and says that there aren't enough female-centric movies and tv shows. All the superhero movies are the same.

"I'm gonna raise my voice by listening to women and amplifying and fighting for the right for men to shut up sometimes." Everyone laughs.

Gordon says she will keep fighting for women to hold any position in Hollywood. She talks about doing a movie with a bunch of guys and they were taking a photo and the photographer kept asking her to be "more sassy" and she started feeling upset about it until Jordan Peele, who was also there, said, "Would you like me to be more hood?"

11:00AM After the break, Andy Katz-Mayfield and Jeff Raider, Co-Founders of Harry's, are interviewed by Ahmed Musiol, President and Co-Founder, Wayfarer Entertainment, on the expanding definitions of masculinity.

The ad that Harry's ran in the New York Times plays. It asks how we need to rethink what it means to be a man. Question what is normal and take a long hard look at today and the stereotypes that got us here.

Katz-Mayfield says that over 40% of their leadership are women. SImilar brands espoused this image that didn't really appeal to them. they felt like they should be a real, warm, normal brand that could talk to guys about normal stuff like how to shave. They started researching and found startling statistics that made them want to start looking at how masculinity should evolve.

They are getting a group of men together to talk about these issues. They took a look at their parental leave policy and thought about the norms of what is expected of men and women. They implemented an equal parenting leave policy and give all parents four months off after having a child.

Musiol brings up Man Enough -- a group of men having an intimate dinner conversation. "Nobody's coming to the table saying they already know where the end is. That can also lead to some fear. Some men are afraid to hire women because they don't know what they can and can't do."

You can be both strong and vulnerable, confident and open. Talking about it enables guys to open up and express themselves.

Musiol asks if they feel like they are pushing away some of their customer base, but Raider says that he thinks that they are taking a weight off for a lot of men and that the issues are very human.

Raider and Katz-Mayfield talk about the struggle to be a good parent and have a career as a guy. To break norms and be different kinds of dads.

Their slogan is "The future is orange", which came from wanting to stop looking at men and women as pink and blue and going against those stereotypes. They want to challenge gender stereotypes and feel that brands need to have beliefs and share those beliefs with the world.

10:28AM A beautiful clip plays about 96-year-old Author, Activist, and Park Ranger, Betty Reid Soskin, and her life of incredible service and activism.

Soskin enters the stage with Luvvie Ajay, Author, Speaker, and Digital Strategist, who starts by saying "I feel like I'm sitting on stage with a unicorn," and the crowd erupts in laughter.

Soskin and Ajay talk about the path Soskin has taken over the past 96 years of her life and how she got to this point.

"I have outlived all of my peers, so I'm living unchartered territory right now. I've lost my sense of future," Soskin explains that her sense of past has been amplified and she's trying to make the future up as she goes along. That we still have a lot of work to do but each generation needs to recreate democracy in their time because it will never be fixed. She feels that the sense of responsibility and a role has kept her going all these years.

Soskin addresses the audience, saying that it's an incredible place to be. She talks about how some change is generational, that all of us are going through different phases at different times. It's hard to catch the wave -- but many of us are on the wave, she says to the audience. "We're in one of those periods where everything's up for grabs, and we can shape it." The crowd cheers.

Ajay asks Soskin what makes her get out of bed in the morning and Soskin replies that at 96 she never knows what the day will bring, from participating in a panel to teaching in a classroom.

Soskin started blogging because she was trying to figure out her family history and she was doing all sorts of research trying to find out information and had a really hard time tracking things down. She decided she needed to leave behind tracks for her own kids by writing a blog.

"Here I was in my bunny slippers and my pjs and I would think I was just talking to myself. And now there are thousands of people reading that blog but I'm still talking to myself. I'm putting the words out in front of me so I can tell where it is I'm going."

"We consider you extraordinary. Do you consider yourself extraordinary?" Ajay asks.

"Now I do," Soskin answers and the crowd starts laughing, "because on the street I'm known as notorious BRS."

"I've outlived my parents, I've outlived my sisters, I've outlived one child. I'm on the edge of life, without a sense of future. I know that life has become so precious now, not only in the months and days but in the hours. I wouldn't have it any other way because every single hour has so much more meaning than it ever has had. Along with advanced age, fear of dying begins to diminish. There's a rightness to mortality. I think that I've arrived at this age with my senses intact without dementia, that I can appreciate that that is what makes me exceptional." Lots of cheering!

Ajay announces that today is the pub date of Betty's first book! Woohoo!! The crowd is in a standing applause.

10:10AM Cleo Wade, Artist, Poet, and Author of Heart Talk, joins us and starts with asking questions about what a radical life looks like. Maybe a radical life begins with the radical strength of so many of us. Maybe a radical life starts with radical compassion. Caring about each other and not turning away from each other. Helping all who are oppressed. We must make this promise to each other. A radical change starts with all of us, the mothers, the students, those who said #MeToo and those who say Time's Up.

We don't know what a world looks like where women are free and people of color are free and LGBTQ are free.

"Diversity of thought leads to better strategy, better execution, and you go out and you win in the marketplace."

10:00AM The audience has a chance to ask questions. Tina Tchen stands and asks what lessons we can learn from the studies that Smith has done.

"It's so important for women of color not to be thought of as an afterthought," says Smith. They grappled being marginalized within the women's movement. Think about how this affects women of different color, different classes, different religions. Be more inclusive.

Kim Fox asks what to say to the people who don't want to talk about intersectionalism. Smith replies that the movement is not your home but you need a place where you feel like you can be yourself and talk about what you want to talk about. But we have to be able to work with people who are different from ourselves. She refers to them as "co-conspirators" instead of "allies".

Read her books! Smith encourages the audience to read her books, to read the article Coalition Politics Turn of the Century by Bernice Johnson Reagan, and Anne Petrie's The Street, among others.

Telling the audience how amazing Smith is, Steinem says, "She's made me what I am today. I hope she's satisfied." Steinem laughs and turns to Smith who says, "I am, I am." and they hug.

9:48AM Barbara Smith, Author, Activist, and Founder of Kitchen Table Press, arrives to be interviewed by Gloria Steinem, Writer, Lecturer, Political Activist, and Feminist Organizer.

What an incredible moment. Gloria Steinem and Barbara Smith!

Barbara Smith says that 96% of black women voted for Hilary Clinton. "Maybe we're ready to admit that feminism has always been disproportionately women of color and black women?" Applause erupts. Let's just say that the hidden figures should not be hidden.

Steinem asks how Smith doesn't go into a rage when people talk about feminism as a white woman's movement. Smith talks about how history is not taught correctly, particularly in regards to the slavery and genocide of indigenous people and African people in this country.

Steinem tells Smith that she has learned so much from her and asks her to educate us today.

It's hard to place black women accurately in the history of feminism if you're looking for explicit statements about being a feminist, explains Smith. If we look at history, black women were working for the women's movement but may just not have used the word "feminist".

​​​​​​9:40AM Megan Smith, Chief Executive Officer, Shift7, comes out talking about the hidden figures of our history. Women who did amazing things, made discoveries, and never received credit.

"We didn't make this world, but we inherit it."

Smith goes into systems that are cruel or kind depending on who you are. She wants to make them kind to everyone.

Listing a number of women who have made a difference, she talks about Jane Adams being called the most dangerous woman in America for inventing social work. She won the Nobel Peace Prize. The codebreakers who saved lives and went on to begin IBM. The beginning founders of computer science were women. Margaret Hamilton, Katherine Johnson, their calculations helped science move forward.

9:35AM Lowell McAdam, Chief Executive Officer, Verizon, and Allie Kline, Chief Marketing Officer, Oath, step on the stage to have a conversation about gender issues in the workplace.

Lowell says he's a big believer in diversity of thought and believes that if people don't make diversity a front of mind issue, they won't do well in the marketplace. It's so important to find the right candidates who make a difference. "You'll never win the game if you leave half the team on the bench," he says.

Kline asks what his thoughts are on #MeToo. Lowell says, "We need the movement, but I wish we didn't have to have the movement." He tells a story about being a child and witnessing his mother stick up for a teacher who had been touched inappropriately, and what an impact that made on him.

Lowell goes on to talk about how Verizon takes this seriously and that someone had been with them for ten days and made a pass at a woman at work and he was out. "You do that at Verizon and you're out!"

9:28AM Barsh continues going over how hard it is for leadership to move beyond dialogue. If we don't have women at the top, the pipeline doesn't work. Work norms don't suit women's needs. Sponsors make a difference but women aren't getting sponsored. "The game we're playing today, can I say it, sucks!"

"To make progress, we gotta do more than talk!" Barsh exclaims and then goes over the strategy for making progress, step by step. She talks about making changes for REAL, instead of just talking about making changes.

9:20AM Joanna Barsh, Director Emerita, McKinsey & Company comes out on stage and yells, "2017, you know this, it has been a year of total disruption. If you are comfortable right now, you shouldn't be here! We're all uncomfortable."

Why? We have a gender issue and a diversity issue at practically all companies in America —and we have total uncertainty in 2018.

Progress is slow at the top. She jokes that at least companies are announcing that they are going to do something about the equal pay problem. We made this happen and now the debate is getting larger. But where does that put us?

"The only way to get to the next horizon is through disruptive thinking! It's time to act and we have to act boldly!"

The entire room yells "YES"!

9:02AM Michelle Tan, Editorial Director, MAKERS, opens the day, welcoming all MAKERS—changeMAKERS, newsMAKERS, historyMAKERS and her favorite, troubleMAKERS, and encouraging everyone to spread the word. Keep tagging @MAKERSwomen and #RaiseYourVoice on all the channels!

February 7th - Day 2, 9:00AM Getting excited for the first session of the day!

6:31PM Jennifer Bailey, Executive Director, Faith Matters Network, talks about how her grandmother inspired her around the dinner table. "It was at that table that I learned as a little black girl that I had a voice. That I had a story that was worthy of being told and being heard." Bailey then concludes the first day of the MAKERS Conference by inviting the entire conference to share their personal stories over dinner at The People's Supper.

6:20PM Natalie Portman talks about how all of our voices matter. The farm workers are being silenced, being told that no one cares. Hollywood actors are being told that no one cares because they are the elite. "We all have stories to tell and need to stop being silenced by injustice." The entire audience erupts into applause.

CAA agent Dakhil then explains that the spirit of Time's Up is to help the next generation. Dakhil says she felt that mission strongly when Natalie Portman brought her baby to one of their meetings and started breastfeeding while as they planned the Golden Globes.

Time's Up wants to encourage other women to organize too. "Gather. Get together with the other women or people you identify with to be radical," Portman says.

6:05PM Tina Tchen, Partner, Buckley Sandler LLP, explains that the tangible way to help those who have suffered from sexual harassment and workplace inequality is to get them legal help. To date, Time's Up has raised $20 million from 20,000 supporters. They've had more than 1,000 requests for help from farm workers, hotel workers, steel workers. Tchen credits the National Women's Law Center for helping Time's Up grow so quickly since their launch earlier this year. "Part of the reason this has gone this long is because of fear. Don't be afraid. We are warriors together," says Tchen.

5:58PM Ava DuVernay takes the stage saying, "This is MAKERS, let's give it a round!" The filmmaker, writer, producer then introduces the representatives of Time's Up: Maha Dakhil, Rashida Jones, Melina Matsoukas, Natalie Portman, Nina Shaw, Jill Soloway and Tina Tchen. "This is basically The Avengers, in real life!" DuVernay declares.

5:50PM Liza Koshy charges into the NeueHouse Hollywood theater with a giant megaphone ready to raise her voice on behalf of young millennials and Gen Z. The writer, producer and actress best known for her YouTube channel introduces herself to more than 500 attendees, saying that she's not used to speaking in public—only in front of a camera. But the crowd cheers Koshy on as she talks about her path to stardom and thanks all the women who helped her develop her platform, which she hopes will inspire young people. "Thanks to those who have raised their voices before me. I have an amazing mother and two strong older sisters and an incredibly supportive father...I was encouraged to be heard."

5:40PM Dyllan McGee, Founder and Executive Producer, MAKERS, takes the stage to welcome everyone to the MAKERS Conference after an empowering montage of clips showing so many groundbreaking women. She then asked all of the MAKERS@ board members in the audience to stand up because "each one of these women is going to get up on this stage and make bold and exciting pledges to say more and to do more."

5:30PM It's all (finally) happening! We are bringing together the biggest, boldest and most badass changeMAKERS of the women's movement to push the movement forward and create real change. We will have all the conference highlights here and you can check out all the action LIVE here.

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