African American social activist, author, and businesswoman, Faye Wattleton has dedicated her life to preserving and protecting the rights of women, first as an advocate for reproductive self-determination and later as a catalyst for gender equality. Wattleton, born in St. Louis, Missouri, became interested in obstetrical care during her studies at Ohio State University. She graduated with a nursing degree in 1964, and three years later earned a graduate degree in maternal and infant care from Columbia University. Wattleton has said that choosing a career in nursing was perhaps her most important professional decision as it engendered in her a determination and commitment not to compromise on the gains that women have made with respect to reproductive choice. In 1978, as the youngest President, first African American, and first woman to lead Planned Parenthood since its founding in 1942, Wattleton shepherded the organization through years of often violent attacks on clinics and legislative backlash. By the end of her tenure in 1992, a restructured Planned Parenthood had grown to become the nation’s seventh largest nonprofit organization, with an aggregate budget of $500 million, providing medical and educational services to four million Americans each year. In 1995, she co-founded the independent think tank, the Center for the Advancement of Women, conducting women-focused national research. Wattleton has served on the board and advisory councils of many nonprofit and corporate organizations including Savient Pharmaceuticals, Estee Lauder Companies, and Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield. She is currently on the boards of Columbia University, the New York Blood Center, and Jazz at Lincoln Center. In 2010, Wattleton joined Alvarez & Marsal, a global services firm, as a managing director. Wattleton has received 14 honorary degrees and numerous awards over the course of her career and was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 1993.